G7 Science

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  • Last Update September 6, 2020


What learners can do after finishing this course

At the end of Grade 7, learners can distinguish mixtures from substances through semi-guided investigations. They realize the importance of air testing when conducting investigations. After studying how organ systems work together in plants and animals in the lower grade levels, learners can use a microscope when observing very small organisms and structures. They recognize that living things are organized into different levels: Cells, tissues, organs, organ systems, and organisms. These organisms comprise populations and communities, which interact with non-living things in ecosystems.

Learners can describe the motion of objects in terms of distance and speed, and represent this in tables, graphs, charts, and equations. They can describe how various forms of energy travel through different mediums.

Learners describe what makes up the Philippines as a whole and the resources found in the archipelago. They can explain the occurrence of breezes, monsoons, and ITCZ, and how these weather systems affect people. They can explain why seasons change and demonstrate how eclipses occur.


Content Standards

Ways and Components of Scientific Investigations

Diversity of Materials in the Environment

Solutions, Substances and Mixtures

Elements and Compounds

Acids and Bases

Metals and Non-Metals

Learning competencies

describe the components of a scientific investigation;

compare   properties of unsaturated or saturated solutions;

express concentrations of solutions quantitatively by preparing different concentrations of mixtures;

distinguish mixtures from substances based on a set of properties;classifying substances as elements or compounds; differentiate between acidic and basic mixtures using natural indicators;

describe some properties of metals and non-metals such as luster, malleability, ductility, and conductivity.

differentiate between acidic and basic mixtures using natural indicators;

describe some properties of metals and non-metals such as luster, malleability, ductility, and conductivity.

Living Things and their Environment

Content Standards

Parts and Functions

1. Levels of Biological Organization

2. Animal and Plant Cells

3. Fungi, Protists, and Bacteria

Heredity: Inheritance and Variation

1. Asexual reproduction

2. Sexual reproduction


1. Components of an ecosystem

2. Ecological relationships

2.1 Symbiotic relationships

2.2 Non symbiotic relationships

3. Transfer of energy through trophic levels

Learning Competencies

Identify parts of the microscope and their functions;

describe the different levels of biological organization from cell to biosphere;

differentiate plant and animal cells according to presence or absence of certain organelles;

explain why the cell is considered the basic structural and functional unit of all organisms;

identify beneficial and harmful microorganisms;

differentiate asexual from sexual reproduction

differentiate biotic from abiotic components of an ecosystem;

predict the effect of changes in one population on other populations in the ecosystem; and

predict the effect of changes in abiotic factors on the ecosystem.

Force, Motion, and Energy

Content Standards

I. Motion in One Dimension

Descriptors of Motion

1.1 Distance or Displacement

1.2 Speed or Velocity

1.3 Acceleration

II. Waves

1. Types of Waves

2. Characteristics of Waves

2.1 Amplitude

2.2 Wavelength

3. Wave Velocity

III. Sound

1. Characteristics of sound


1.2 Loudness

1.3 Quality

IV. Light

1. Characteristics of Light

1.1 Intensity or Brightness

1.2 Color

V. Heat

1. Heat Transfer

1.1 Conduction

1.2 Convection

1.3 Radiation

VI. Electricity

1. Charges

2. Charging processes

Learning Competencies

describe the motion of an object in terms of distance or displacement, speed or velocity, and acceleration; differentiate quantities in terms of magnitude and direction;

differentiate transverse from longitudinal waves, and mechanical from electromagnetic waves; describe the characteristics of sound using the concepts of wavelength, velocity, and amplitude ;

relate characteristics of light such as color and intensity to frequency and wavelength; infer the conditions necessary for heat transfer to occur; explain the importance of earthing or grounding.

Earth and Space

Content Standards

The Philippine Environment

1.1 Location of the Philippines using a coordinate system

1.2. Location of the Philippines with respect to landmasses and bodies of water

1.3. Protection and conservation of natural resources

Interactions in the Atmosphere

2.1. Greenhouse effect and global warming

2.3. Land and sea breezes

2.4. Monsoons

2.5. Intertropical convergence zone

Seasons in the Philippines

3.1. Relation of seasons to the position of the Sun in the sky

3.2. Causes of seasons in the Philippines


4.1. Solar Eclipse

4.2. Lunar Eclipse

Learning Competencies

demonstrate how places on Earth may be located using a coordinate system;

discuss how energy from the Sun interacts with the layers of the atmosphere;

explain how some human activities affect the atmosphere ;

account for the occurrence of land and sea breezes, monsoons, and intertropical convergence zone

using models, relate:

the tilt of the Earth to the length of daytime;

the length of daytime to the amount of energy received;

the position of the Earth in its orbit to the height of the Sun in the sky;

the height of the Sun in the sky to the amount of energy received;

the latitude of an area to the amount of energy the area receives;

show what causes change in the seasons in the Philippines using models;

explain how solar and lunar eclipses occur.

Topics for this course


G7 Matter

Living Things and their Environment

Force, Motion, and Energy

Earth and Space